Tumi – Cuchillo Ceremonial de oro con turquezas
Comadreja de Oro, platino y turquezas
Cántaro escultórico de oro y crisocola
Casco
Brazos escultóricos de oro
Máscara funeraria de oro
Vaso ceremonial de oro y crisocola
Botella de cerámica

Collar de oro

Vaso retrato de oro

Gorro ceremonial

Collar de oro y crisocola
 

GOLD

The "Gold of the Yungas” (as splendorous as the Sun of the Incas) shone brightly; it was an ornament that covered mummies and embellished temples; it was used, however, as a means of exchange or to fulfill a utilitarian role of wealth.

The showcases of the “Gold Museum of Peru” display the craftsmanship of several centuries of Peruvian history, mainly in pre-Inca gold. There are decorative items of all the cultures, such as, embossed and weaved nose ornaments with cut stone pendants; sets of filigree figures depicting birds, men, or monkeys; mantles, bracelets and earflaps of the Vicus culture; lizards, weasels, felines, bags of coca leaves, earrings and belts of the Frias culture; pectorals with zoomorphic designs, flat or embossed crowns of the Chancay culture; funerary masks with twisted rays or serpents from Ica; and masks with open mouths and teeth, wristbands, shin protectors and spatulas of the Nazca culture.

The different exhibition rooms of the museum also harbor the richness of the gold objects of the Chimu art; exquisite vessels or “huacos” from Lambayeque with two open spouts joined by a curved handle; large funerary masks painted red and eyes inlaid with stones; high crowns of feathers, “tumis” or ceremonial knives depicting the image of an idol on the handle and made of filigree; ceremonial vases with inlays; large embossed glove-like hands and arms; foxes, fish, earflaps, earrings, brooches, pectorals, a countless number of necklaces; scepters, small pots, mantles decorated with thousands of gold pieces (simulating scales); gold balls, gold pendants, and even large wooden portable gold-plated platforms inlaid with precious stones.

The ancient Peruvian people worked the metals magnificently. Embossing, lamination, engraving, welding and alloying were the processes used by the Peruvian craftsmen in the 8 th Century. The "cire perdue" (lost wax) procedure, known in the East and which had disappeared in the Western World until the Renaissance, was the most popular procedure: it reproduced an object in a semi-solid resin, covering it with a layer of ceramic, similar to that of the “huacos”, heating it until the molten resin seeped through the covering, leaving a cast identical to the original object, into which the melted metal was poured. Once the metal had solidified, the covering would be broken.

The following technique was also used in the North of Peru: items were hammered and embossed or engraved, cut and fitted, hardened through heating, and thereafter soldered by hammering or by welding, with low grade gold or silver. Small furnaces equipped with a copper pipe to conduct the air with which they stoked the fire were used for this procedure.